We live in an age where life expectancy is rising. Although currently, according to the World Health Organization, 605 million people (20% of the planet’s population) are over 60 years old, it is estimated that by 2025 this number will increase to 1.2 billion (29%). In order to live these years independently, without severe illnesses or disabilities, it is important to promote a healthy lifestyle since childhood, then maintained throughout life.
Healthy aging involves the interaction between genetic baggage, the environment in which we live, and lifestyle. Recent research shows that the genetic influence on longevity is not as great as previously thought. The choices we make regarding proper nutrition, the environment in which we live and the quality of relationships with people are more important than we would imagine. It is essential, therefore, to understand what a healthy diet means because this fact also influences the quality of life and longevity.
About 75% of the factors that influence longevity have nothing to do with genetic inheritance. This means that life expectancy depends largely on the choices we make every day. Scientific research shows that there are several factors that influence health and longevity.
Every day we consume different foods and drinks that satisfy our need for nutrients. Each food contains macronutrients and micronutrients essential for the proper functioning of the body. They help us to develop, to recover from exertion or illness, and give us the energy we need to perform daily activities.